Gujarat is located on the western coast of India and has the longest coastline of 1,600 km among all the states in the country. The state shares its borders with Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The Arabian Sea borders the state on the west and the southwest.
Gujarat is one of the leading industrialised states in India. At current prices, Gujarat's Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was about Rs. 18.85 trillion (US$ 269.70 billion) during 2020-21. The state’s GSDP grew at a CAGR of 12.87%, during 2015-16 to 2020-21.
As of March 2020, Gujarat had an installed power generation capacity of 35,211 megawatt (MW), comprising 8,572.17 MW under state utilities, 21,900.16 MW under private utilities, and 4,738.25 MW under central utilities.
Gujarat is considered the petroleum capital of India due to presence of large refining capacity set up by private and public sector companies.
The state is the world’s largest producer of processed diamonds, accounting for 72% of the world’s processed diamond share and 80% of India’s diamond exports. With a contribution of 65 to 70% to India’s denim production, Gujarat is the largest manufacturer of denim in the country and the third largest in the world. There are 42 ports, 18 domestic airports and one international airport. There are 106 product clusters and 60 notified special economic zones (SEZs). Large scale investment is expected in Gujarat as part of the US$ 90 billion Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC).
As of February 2020, Gujarat had 20 operational SEZs. In addition to operational SEZs, Gujarat had four SEZs with valid in-principle approvals, 28 SEZs with formal approvals and 24 SEZs with notified approvals.
According to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) inflow in Gujarat reached US$ 26.6 billion between April 2000 and March 2020. Gujarat accounted for about five% share in the overall FDI inflows in India.
Total exports from the state stood at US$ 63,440 million in 2019-20 and US$ 17,418 million during April to August 2020.