May 2023 / United Kingdom

17 Maggio 2023

UK and Switzerland enhanced free trade agreement negotiations

UK Business and Trade Secretary, Kemi Badenoch, launched negotiations for a modern, updated free trade agreement with Switzerland to boost trade between the two services superpowers.

Switzerland is one of the wealthiest countries in the world and the UK’s 10th largest trading partner. The two countries are among the world’s leading service economies, exporting almost £15 billion worth of services including financial, professional, legal, and architecture every year.

The current UK-Switzerland FTA is based on an EU-Swiss deal from more than 50 years ago – before the advent of the home computer or the internet – and does not cover services, investment, digital or data. With most of the UK’s services exports to Switzerland delivered electronically – almost 69% in 2020 – both sides are keen to rectify this in upcoming talks.

Business and Trade Secretary Kemi Badenoch said:

As two of the world’s leading service economies, there’s a huge prize on offer to both the UK and Switzerland by updating our trading relationship to reflect the strength of our companies working in areas ranging from finance and legal, to accountancy and architecture.

The UK and Switzerland are natural trading partners and today’s launch will play to our strengths as services superpowers, while also boosting investment in emerging technologies, data innovation, and digital trade.

ONS figures published earlier this year showed UK services exports reaching record highs in 2022, totalling £397 billion - an increase of 20% compared to 2021 in current prices.

The Business and Trade Secretary will launch talks on the new, modernised deal with her counterpart Federal Councillor Guy Parmelin in Bern, the country’s capital city.

During her visit, Badenoch will also go to SIX, the operator of the Swiss Exchange, Europe’s 3rd biggest stock exchange and one of the industry’s most respected post-trade service providers.

Whilst at SIX she will visit the innovation accelerator Tenity where she will meet startups already operational in the UK including Enterprise Bot, Xworks, SmartPurse and Jrny.

A refresh of our trading relationship with Switzerland will add to the UK’s growing armoury of powerful service-focused deals by removing remaining market access barriers, improving regulatory cooperation and enabling UK firms to compete on an equal footing in Switzerland, now and in the future.

Switzerland’s demand for imports is expected to grow in real terms by 78% by 2050. The new deal could lower tariffs on UK exports to Switzerland, which could reduce annual duties for UK businesses by around £7.4 million.

It will also benefit the more than 14,000 UK businesses which already export goods to Switzerland, 86% of which are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), by creating simpler trade rules for products of origin, customs procedures and digitisation.

Switzerland is a key investment partner to the UK with the total stock of Swiss foreign direct investment in sectors such as textiles, chemicals, manufacturing and financial services worth £74 billion in 2021, while UK investment into Switzerland was worth £52 billion. A new FTA would look to boost this even further, helping facilitate more investment by Swiss companies into communities around the UK and seeking preferential terms for UK investors in Switzerland.

During her visit to Switzerland, Badenoch will also meet with leading female business leaders at Advance, a network of close to 140 Swiss companies committed to increasing the share of women in management in Switzerland.


  • The launch will take place at the Federal Palace of Switzerland. The first round of talks are scheduled for week commencing 22 May.
  • Switzerland ranks as the UK’s 2nd largest trading partner in Trade in Professional and Business Services. In 2022, total PBS trade with Switzerland amounted to £9.2 billion (39% of total UK services trade with Switzerland).
  • Talks will also look to provide long-term certainty on business travel, particularly for services firms, helping firms in a wide range of sectors, from life sciences to tech to share expertise, form vital partnerships and expand into new markets.
  • We will also seek to cut remaining tariffs on UK exports such as red meat, chocolate and baked goods, which are currently very high. Switzerland imports over £5.5bn a year of agri-goods under product lines where tariffs still apply for the UK.
  • The businesses are supported by Tenity, which provides incubation and acceleration programs to help startups in connect with entrepreneurs, experts, mentors, and investors for early-stage venture and late-stage venture investing.
17 Maggio 2023

Tax Authority Increases Interest Rates for Under and Overpaid Tax

The UK tax authority, His Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) has announced that the rates of interest charged on the late payment of tax and for repayments if tax has been overpaid will increase to 7% (late payment interest rate) and 3.5% (repayment interest rate).

The Taxes and Duties, etc (Interest Rate) Regulations SI 2011/2446 link HMRC's rates to the Bank of England base rate. The late payment interest rate is set at base rate plus 2.5%, while the repayment interest rate is set at base rate minus 1%, with a lower limit of 0.5% (known as the 'minimum floor').

On 11 May 2023, the Bank Of England announced that its base rate would increase to 4.5%. Consequently, the new late payment and repayment interest rates will be 7% and 3.5% respectively. These rates will apply from 31 May 2023 because the regulations state that the increase will take place 13 working days after the date of the Bank of England meeting.